Every beginner student of the Spanish language should learn how to conjugate ser, one of two Spanish verbs which mean “to be.” The student should master conjugating this verb in both the present tense and preterit tense before moving on to conjugating this action word in other tenses.
In a previous Spanish lesson, I showed you when to use the verb “ser” vs. “estar.” In this lesson, I will not discuss when to use this verb. Instead, I will only discuss how to conjugate it.
Here is a chart to help conjugate ser in the present tense:
(El, ella, usted) es
(Nosotros, nosotras) somos
(Ellos, ellas, ustedes) son
If you are learning European Spanish, as opposed to Latin American Spanish, then you can add “sois” to the list. Now we will use the word in a couple of phrases in the Spanish language.
La computadora es de mi hermana.
The computer is my brother’s.
I am Andrea.
Somos estudiantes en la misma escuela.
We are students in the same school.
Here is a chart to help conjugate ser in the preterit tense:
(El, ella, usted) fue
(Nosotros, nosotras) fuimos
(Ellos, ellas, ustedes) fueron
If you are learning European Spanish, as opposed to Latin American Spanish, then you can add “fuisteis” to the list. We looked at how to conjugate ser in the present tense, now let’s look at how to conjugate ser in the preterit tense:
Cuando era pequeña me gustaba jugar en el parque.
When I was little, I used to like to play in the park.
Ella era enfermera.
She used to be a nurse.